Varicose veins are the term used for the veins which get twisted resulting in its bloating. It is visible through the surface of the skin as purplish or dark blue in colour. Veins are responsible for carrying blood from the body towards the heart. But, when the veins get damaged or weak, the blood stops flowing towards the heart and gets coagulated in the veins or there is an opposite flow of blood which causes bloating. Due to this, the veins swell and hence, it leads to varicose veins. There are chances that any vein can become varicose in any part of the body but it is most common in the legs.
It has become very common in the adult population. About 20% of them complain about the varicose vein out of which 70% complained of severe pain and heaviness in the affected leg. The affected leg causes significant discomfort and skin breakdown such as itching and burning, and localised pain. The continuous itching can cause dermatitis and bleeding. Severe cases of varicose veins can also lead to superficial phlebitis also known as vein inflammation, and eczema. Several types of research have been conducted on the exact cause of varicose veins. It has been found that prolonged sitting at a particular place or having a sedentary lifestyle can lead to this problem. In women it has been associated with the reduced amount of physical activity but, in men, it coexisted with the level of physical activity and a higher rate of smoking. In other words, the factors due to which it occurs in both men and women are more or less same. There are other factors that cause the condition to get worse. For example, for pregnant women, this condition worsens, and it appears more often in the older generation and it is more common among women as compared to men.
How to get rid of varicose veins?
Although there are several different types of treatments available, it should be guided by physical, clinical and ultrasound findings. The main idea is to stop the reverse flow of the blood so, stripping operation which is done to stop the flow of blood in the wrong way is considered to be the most durable form of treatment. There are other treatment methods which are less aggressive thus, less effective.
Exercising, losing weight, physiotherapy can keep varicose veins from getting worse. It is also recommended to wear loose-fitting clothes and avoid standing for a prolonged period which can help in reducing the pain caused by varicose veins. Various home remedies are also available such as gentle massage which will help in accelerating the blood flow in the bloated region. Compression stockings are also available which is used in the initial phase, and it can reverse its formation by doing this varicose vein treatment. There are several dietary supports that researcher indicates can help in reduction in the level of homocysteine. This homocysteine on a higher level can cause the damage of lining of blood vessels. The supply of vitamins should be done ideally, hence, foods that are rich in Vitamin B6, and B12 should be given to the people suffering from varicose veins.